Climate-information

Climate-informationClimate
Delhi’s has an extreme climate. It is very hot in summer (April — July) and cold in winter (December — January). The average temperature can vary from 25oC to 45oC during the summer and 22oC to 5oC during the winter.

In summer adequate precautions need to be taken, to avoid the intense heat, such as wearing light cotton clothing, wearing a hat or sunshade while going outdoors and drinking plenty of liquids. In winter, wearing warm or woolen clothing will protect you from the cold.

 

Almost all of India is in subekvatorialnomu zone. The main feature is the tropical monsoons. Rains in India brings penetrating from the Indian Ocean annual monsoon, which increases in early June on the west coast and around the middle of June on the east coast — in Bengal. With the passage of the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal monsoon saturated with moisture and moving over India in the north-west. Climbing over the western Gatam and mountains of Assam, monsoons, moving at a speed of 16-24 km / h, causing loss of heavy rainfall. Thunderstorms are particularly strong in June, literally raining down on the slopes, but later their frequency and strength weakened, and in the period from late September to mid-October rains all prkraschayutsya. From November to March from the land blowing dry northeast monsoon. It involves a cool overcast.

Based on data on the thermal regime, precipitation and winds calendar year in India can be divided into three main climatic seasons. November — February, when prevailing northeast monsoon, cool, sunny and dry. In March, the temperature gradually rises. From late March to June continued hot dry season. By the end of June humidity increases, and large plains of India’s weather becomes unbearably hot and rainy. From July to mid September, when the annual monsoon blows, kept moist hot weather. Heat slightly decreases when the sky is completely overcast and pouring heavy rains, but generally south-westerly winds combined with high temperatures. October — Transition time, high humidity due to evaporation from the surface of the fields, but rain stopped.

In India, which occupies a large area and is characterized by significant variations in altitude and varying distance from the ocean, pronounced contrasts in temperature and rainfall. Thus, in the Thar Desert annual precipitation does not exceed 100 mm, and Cherapundzhi station located in the mountains of Khasi, falls to 10 770 mm. This is one of the wettest places on Earth.

In most pronounced monsoon climate on the coast of the Arabian Sea. In the coldest period (December to February), the average minimum temperature is 19 … 21, the average maximum 28 … 30 degrees. In the same period falls the least amount of rainfall (60-70 mm per month). The hottest time — from May to June, when the average minimum temperature — 25 … 27, the average maximum 30 … 33 degrees. But even such high temperatures tolerated quite easily as dry air, relative humidity, even in the morning, less than 60%. Gusts raising clouds of dust, this time horizon is often painted a dirty yellow. The onset of monsoon in June accompanied by increased wind and increasing cloudiness. Continues period to September inclusive. During this period, most days of the month are frequent and small rains. Monthly rainfall in the rainy months — July exceed 600 mm. Overcast weather reduces the temperature by 2-3 degrees.

On the east coast of the country (coast of Bay of Bengal) monsoon patterns are less pronounced: rainfall decreases and temperature fluctuations mizhdobova increase. In the relatively cold period (December to February), the average minimum temperature is 12 … 15, the average maximum 26 … 29 degrees. In the same period falls the least amount of rainfall (63-70 mm per month). The hottest time — from May to June, when the average minimum temperature — 24 … 26, the average maximum 33 … 35 degrees. Heat is difficult because the humidity during this period increases to 70-80%. During the monsoon (May to September) monthly rainfall exceeds 100 mm, and in the rainy months — July — more than 300 mm.

Even more temperate climate in the north, the Gangetic plain. The very cool period (December to February), the average minimum temperature is 6 … 10, and on some days can be reduced to slightly negative values​​, the average maximum — 21 … 23 degrees. The hottest time — from May to June, when the average minimum temperature — 26 … 28, the average maximum of about 40 degrees. Relative humidity at that time was (no more than 45%). The minimum rainfall occurs in November and December (less than 3 mm per month). A little rain in April and May (about 8 mm). The rainy season begins in June and lasts through September inclusive. In the most humid month — July — down to 230 mm of rain.

In the mountain ranges of Himalayas climate depends on the altitude. So on at altitudes of 1,500 to 2,300 meters, from December to February, the average minimum temperature is negative (0 to -3), and the average maximum 4 … Eight. The hottest season lasts from June to August: average minimum temperature of 14 … 18, the average maximum 29 … 30. Summer monsoon is not evident. The lowest rainfall from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the most in March (about 100 mm).

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